/, Blog, Web Design & Development News/Bootstrap 3 and 4 Utilities – Display Properties: How to Hide Elements

Bootstrap 3 and 4 Utilities – Display Properties: How to Hide Elements

Bootstrap is the popular HTML, CSS, and JavaScript framework for developing responsive websites.

For quicker mobile development and responsive design there are classes in Bootstrap 3 and Bootstrap 4 for showing and hiding elements by display size and device via media query.  There are differences in Display utility classes in Bootstrap 4 version.

Bootstrap 3  Hidden Elements Classes

Extra small devices
Phones (<768px)
Small devices
Tablets (≥768px)
Medium devices
Desktops (≥992px)
Large devices
Desktops (≥1200px)
.visible-xs-*VisibleHiddenHiddenHidden
.visible-sm-*HiddenVisibleHiddenHidden
.visible-md-*HiddenHiddenVisibleHidden
.visible-lg-*HiddenHiddenHiddenVisible
.hidden-xsHiddenVisibleVisibleVisible
.hidden-smVisibleHiddenVisibleVisible
.hidden-mdVisibleHiddenVisibleVisible
.hidden-lgVisibleVisibleVisibleHidden

Examples

This is text hidden on a MEDIUM screen.

Css Code from Bootstrap 3.3.7


.visible-xs,
.visible-sm,
.visible-md,
.visible-lg {
display: none !important;
}
.visible-xs-block,
.visible-xs-inline,
.visible-xs-inline-block,
.visible-sm-block,
.visible-sm-inline,
.visible-sm-inline-block,
.visible-md-block,
.visible-md-inline,
.visible-md-inline-block,
.visible-lg-block,
.visible-lg-inline,
.visible-lg-inline-block {
display: none !important;
}
@media (max-width: 767px) {
.visible-xs {
display: block !important;
}
table.visible-xs {
display: table !important;
}
tr.visible-xs {
display: table-row !important;
}
th.visible-xs,
td.visible-xs {
display: table-cell !important;
}
}
@media (max-width: 767px) {
.visible-xs-block {
display: block !important;
}
}
@media (max-width: 767px) {
.visible-xs-inline {
display: inline !important;
}
}
@media (max-width: 767px) {
.visible-xs-inline-block {
display: inline-block !important;
}
}
@media (min-width: 768px) and (max-width: 991px) {
.visible-sm {
display: block !important;
}
table.visible-sm {
display: table !important;
}
tr.visible-sm {
display: table-row !important;
}
th.visible-sm,
td.visible-sm {
display: table-cell !important;
}
}
@media (min-width: 768px) and (max-width: 991px) {
.visible-sm-block {
display: block !important;
}
}
@media (min-width: 768px) and (max-width: 991px) {
.visible-sm-inline {
display: inline !important;
}
}
@media (min-width: 768px) and (max-width: 991px) {
.visible-sm-inline-block {
display: inline-block !important;
}
}
@media (min-width: 992px) and (max-width: 1199px) {
.visible-md {
display: block !important;
}
table.visible-md {
display: table !important;
}
tr.visible-md {
display: table-row !important;
}
th.visible-md,
td.visible-md {
display: table-cell !important;
}
}
@media (min-width: 992px) and (max-width: 1199px) {
.visible-md-block {
display: block !important;
}
}
@media (min-width: 992px) and (max-width: 1199px) {
.visible-md-inline {
display: inline !important;
}
}
@media (min-width: 992px) and (max-width: 1199px) {
.visible-md-inline-block {
display: inline-block !important;
}
}
@media (min-width: 1200px) {
.visible-lg {
display: block !important;
}
table.visible-lg {
display: table !important;
}
tr.visible-lg {
display: table-row !important;
}
th.visible-lg,
td.visible-lg {
display: table-cell !important;
}
}
@media (min-width: 1200px) {
.visible-lg-block {
display: block !important;
}
}
@media (min-width: 1200px) {
.visible-lg-inline {
display: inline !important;
}
}
@media (min-width: 1200px) {
.visible-lg-inline-block {
display: inline-block !important;
}
}
@media (max-width: 767px) {
.hidden-xs {
display: none !important;
}
}
@media (min-width: 768px) and (max-width: 991px) {
.hidden-sm {
display: none !important;
}
}
@media (min-width: 992px) and (max-width: 1199px) {
.hidden-md {
display: none !important;
}
}
@media (min-width: 1200px) {
.hidden-lg {
display: none !important;
}
}

The classes .visible-xs, .visible-sm, .visible-md, and .visible-lg are deprecated as of v3.2.0.

Bootstrap 4  Display Utility Classes for Hiding and Showing Elements

To hide elements we will use the .d-none class or one of the .d-{sm,md,lg,xl}-none classes for any responsive screen variation.

To show an element only on a given interval of screen sizes you can combine one .d-*-none class with a .d-*-* class, for example .d-none .d-md-block .d-xl-none will hide the element for all screen sizes except on medium and large devices.

xs (No media query – default)sm (<576px)md (<768px)lg (≥992px)xl (≥1200px)
hidden only on.d-none .d-sm-block.d-sm-none .d-md-block.d-md-none .d-lg-block.d-lg-none .d-xl-block.d-xl-none
visible only on.d-block .d-sm-none.d-none .d-sm-block .d-md-none.d-none .d-md-block .d-lg-none.d-none .d-lg-block .d-xl-none.d-none .d-xl-block
hidden on +larger.d-none .d-sm-block.d-none .d-md-block.d-none .d-lg-block.d-none .d-xl-block.d-none
hidden on +smaller.d-none (never).d-block .d-sm-none.d-block .d-md-none.d-block .d-lg-none.d-block .d-xl-none
Hidden on all.d-none.d-none.d-none.d-none.d-none
Visible on all.d-block.d-block.d-block.d-block.d-block

Exanple

<div class=”d-none d-sm-block”>This div is showing on md+</div>
<div class=”d-sm-none”>This div showing on small screens</div>

CSS classes from Bootstrap 4.1.1

.d-none {
display: none !important;
}
.d-inline {
display: inline !important;
}

.d-inline-block {
display: inline-block !important;
}

.d-block {
display: block !important;
}

.d-table {
display: table !important;
}

.d-table-row {
display: table-row !important;
}

.d-table-cell {
display: table-cell !important;
}

.d-flex {
display: -ms-flexbox !important;
display: flex !important;
}

.d-inline-flex {
display: -ms-inline-flexbox !important;
display: inline-flex !important;
}

@media (min-width: 576px) {
.d-sm-none {
display: none !important;
}
.d-sm-inline {
display: inline !important;
}
.d-sm-inline-block {
display: inline-block !important;
}
.d-sm-block {
display: block !important;
}
.d-sm-table {
display: table !important;
}
.d-sm-table-row {
display: table-row !important;
}
.d-sm-table-cell {
display: table-cell !important;
}
.d-sm-flex {
display: -ms-flexbox !important;
display: flex !important;
}
.d-sm-inline-flex {
display: -ms-inline-flexbox !important;
display: inline-flex !important;
}
}

@media (min-width: 768px) {
.d-md-none {
display: none !important;
}
.d-md-inline {
display: inline !important;
}
.d-md-inline-block {
display: inline-block !important;
}
.d-md-block {
display: block !important;
}
.d-md-table {
display: table !important;
}
.d-md-table-row {
display: table-row !important;
}
.d-md-table-cell {
display: table-cell !important;
}
.d-md-flex {
display: -ms-flexbox !important;
display: flex !important;
}
.d-md-inline-flex {
display: -ms-inline-flexbox !important;
display: inline-flex !important;
}
}

@media (min-width: 992px) {
.d-lg-none {
display: none !important;
}
.d-lg-inline {
display: inline !important;
}
.d-lg-inline-block {
display: inline-block !important;
}
.d-lg-block {
display: block !important;
}
.d-lg-table {
display: table !important;
}
.d-lg-table-row {
display: table-row !important;
}
.d-lg-table-cell {
display: table-cell !important;
}
.d-lg-flex {
display: -ms-flexbox !important;
display: flex !important;
}
.d-lg-inline-flex {
display: -ms-inline-flexbox !important;
display: inline-flex !important;
}
}

@media (min-width: 1200px) {
.d-xl-none {
display: none !important;
}
.d-xl-inline {
display: inline !important;
}
.d-xl-inline-block {
display: inline-block !important;
}
.d-xl-block {
display: block !important;
}
.d-xl-table {
display: table !important;
}
.d-xl-table-row {
display: table-row !important;
}
.d-xl-table-cell {
display: table-cell !important;
}
.d-xl-flex {
display: -ms-flexbox !important;
display: flex !important;
}
.d-xl-inline-flex {
display: -ms-inline-flexbox !important;
display: inline-flex !important;
}
}

Converting Bootstrap 3 Classes to Bootstrap 4

Update for Bootstrap 4 (2018)

The hidden-* and visible-* classes no longer exist in Bootstrap 4. If you want to hide an element on specific tiers or breakpoints in Bootstrap 4, use the d-* display classes accordingly.

Remember that extra-small/mobile (formerly xs) is the default (implied) breakpoint, unless overridden by a larger breakpoint. Therefore, the -xs infix no longer exists in Bootstrap 4.

Show/hide for breakpoint and down:

hidden-xs-down (hidden-xs) = d-none d-sm-block
hidden-sm-down (hidden-sm hidden-xs) = d-none d-md-block
hidden-md-down (hidden-md hidden-sm hidden-xs) = d-none d-lg-block
hidden-lg-down = d-none d-xl-block
hidden-xl-down (n/a 3.x) = d-none (same as hidden)
Show/hide for breakpoint and up:

hidden-xs-up = d-none (same as hidden)
hidden-sm-up = d-sm-none
hidden-md-up = d-md-none
hidden-lg-up = d-lg-none
hidden-xl-up (n/a 3.x) = d-xl-none
Show/hide only for a single breakpoint:

hidden-xs (only) = d-none d-sm-block (same as hidden-xs-down)
hidden-sm (only) = d-block d-sm-none d-md-block
hidden-md (only) = d-block d-md-none d-lg-block
hidden-lg (only) = d-block d-lg-none d-xl-block
hidden-xl (n/a 3.x) = d-block d-xl-none
visible-xs (only) = d-block d-sm-none
visible-sm (only) = d-none d-sm-block d-md-none
visible-md (only) = d-none d-md-block d-lg-none
visible-lg (only) = d-none d-lg-block d-xl-none
visible-xl (n/a 3.x) = d-none d-xl-block
Demo of the responsive display classes in Bootstrap 4

Also, note that d-*-block can be replaced with d-*-inline, d-*-flex, d-*-table-cell, d-*-table etc.. depending on the display type of the element.

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/35351353/missing-visible-and-hidden-in-bootstrap-v4

2018-09-20T09:37:26+00:00 5th July 2018|Tags: , , , |

About the Author:

Hi, I am Jeff, I am online now
How may I Help You?
I am here to answer any questions you may have about our services.
02 9199 7022
You can call me now on